RHODOPIS by Herodotus c. 484-425 BC Creek historian, called also "father of history"
Rhodopis (the "rosy-cheeked"), aGreekslave, works in the household of herEgyptianmaster. Though kind, her elderly master spends most of his time sleeping, and is therefore unaware of her harsh treatment at the hands of his other servant girls. Because Rhodopis is bothfair-complexionedand a foreignslave, the other servants tease her and order her around.After her master sees Rhodopis dancing skillfully by herself, he gives her a pair ofrose-gildedslippers. The other servants resent this treatment and use Rhodopis more harshly than before.
One day,PharaohAhmose IIinvites the people of Egypt to a celebration inMemphis. The other servants prevent Rhodopis from attending with them by giving her a long list of chores to complete.
While she is down by the river washing clothes, her slippers become wet and she places them in the sun to dry. Suddenly, the falconHorusswoops down, snatches one of the slippers, and flies away with it. Rhodopis stores the other slipper in her clothing.
During the celebration in Memphis, the falcon thought to be the god Horus drops the slipper in the Pharaoh's lap. Realizing that it is asignfrom Horus, he decrees that all the maidens of the kingdom must try on the slipper, and that he will marry the one whose foot it fits.
The Pharaoh’s search for the owner of the slipper eventually leads him to Rhodopis’ home. Though Rhodopis hides when she sees the Pharaoh’s barge, he sees her and asks her to try the slipper. After demonstrating that it fits her, she pulls out its mate, and the Pharaoh declares that he will marry her.
Aesophas a brief mention in this story. When she was a slave before she moved into the Egyptian household, Rhodopis had been acquainted withAesop, who told her many stories.
RHODOPIS by Strabo 63/64 BC- 24 AD A Creek geography, philosopher, and a historian and by Aelian c. 175-235 a Roman author and teacher of rhetoric.
by Strabo They tell the fabulous story that, when she was bathing, an eagle snatched one of her sandals from her maid and carried it all the way down to Memphis. While the king was administering justice in the open air, the eagle, when it arrived above his head, flung the sandal into his lap. The king, having been stirred both by the beautiful shape of the sandal and by the strangeness of the occurrence, sent men in all directions into the country in quest of the woman who wore the sandal. When she was found in the city of Naucratis, she was brought up to Memphis and became the wife of the king.
by Aelian The Egyptians relations affirm that Rhodopis was a most beautiful Curtizan ; and that on a time as she was bathing her self, Fortune, who loveth to doe extravagant and unexpected things, gave her a reward : sutable, not to her mind, but her beauty. For whilest she was washing, and her Maids look'd to her clothes, an Eagle stooping down, snatched up one of her Shoes, and carried it away to Memphis, where Psammetichus was sitting in Judgement, and let the Shoe fall into his lap. Psammetichus wondring at the shape of the Shoe, and neatness of the work, and the action of the Bird, sent throughout Ægypt to find out the Woman to whom the shoe belonged ; and having found her out, married her.